As the name suggests, the emergency lighting system provides backup during an emergency situation. You will need it when the primary lighting system fails or the power supply gets cut. All the industrial, commercial, and architectural facilities in the United States use these lights.
Emergency Lighting System: Requirements
The lights used in this system must be battery-powered so that they switch on automatically after a power outage. Their brightness should be adequate to illuminate the exit passage so that occupants can leave the building safely during emergencies.
On the other hand, the ones used as exit lights must remain switched on irrespective of whether the building is occupied or not. Installing these lights is a part of the standard procedure to ensure the safety of commercial and residential buildings.
Types of Emergency Lights
Emergency lighting system refers to a broad range covering different kinds of lights:
Emergency Escape Lights
They are used to brighten up the exit routes and the rooms where safety equipment is stored. They ensure that people can leave a building or find necessary equipment like fire extinguishers during an urgent situation.
These lights are subdivided into three categories:
Escape Route Lighting
These lights give direction to the escape passageways and the places where fire-fighting and other safety equipment are stored.
Open Area Lighting
Also known as anti-panic lighting, the primary purpose of these lights is to reduce fear and anxiety when the power supply fails. It also helps in guiding people where to go given that the condition of the area may not be passable and may impose serious injury.
High-Risk Task Area Lighting
They ensure the security of the workers stationed in high-risk areas or involved in a process that could be potentially dangerous if gone wrong. They also help in enabling the proper shutdown procedures of a facility or a building.
These work as a backup for the regular lighting system so that people can carry out their normal activities even after the failure of the main supply. Installing these lights is not a legal requirement.
The Final Words
A risk assessment is necessary to determine the features of an emergency lighting system required for a building. It should have all the types to guarantee people’s safety during critical situations. Also, the lights should have a high-lumen and wide-coverage so that they can brighten up an area quite well.